LUSH - LUng Symptom awareness and Health

Principal / Lead investigator
Type of study

Qualitative study


In the UK lung cancer survival is poor, particularly in poorer communities. One reason is that people may put off going to their doctor with a symptom. This means they are more likely to be diagnosed with lung cancer at a late stage. People who are at high risk of lung cancer - smokers, living in poorer communities, who have existing lung disease - are more likely to put off going to their doctor with a symptom. Therefore, we need to think of better ways to increase lung cancer awareness in high risk groups, and encourage them to go to their doctor quickly with symptoms.

We will interview about 40 people who live in poorer areas of South Wales, Liverpool and North-east Scotland. We will ask GPs to help us find people to interview who are over the age of 40, are current or ex-smokers, and have serious lung disease. The interviews will involve asking questions about their perceptions and beliefs about lung cancer symptoms. We will then hold four focus groups to find out what people think about a community based lung cancer intervention: if it is something they could see fitting in with their community, where the intervention could take place, and whether they think people would go to it. Two groups will be with members of the public over age 40, who are current or ex-smokers and who live in poorer communities. The other two groups will be with healthcare professionals and community workers in these areas.

The results will be used to develop a community group based intervention aimed at increasing lung symptom awareness and encouraging people to go to their doctor early if they have a symptom.

Lay involvement

The LUSH study team includes two PPI members who have via Involving People and the other via the Cwm Taf Hub.

Who is the study sponsor?

Cardiff University

Does the study involve commercial partnership activity?


UKCRN portfolio number (if relevant)



Cancer Research UK

Total grant value


Start date


End date


How could this research potentially benefit patients?

Earlier diagnosis of lung cancer can improve survival. This study aims to provide insight into why people may prolong going to the doctor with a symptom of lung cancer and develop an intervention to prompt symptomatic presentation and promote earlier diagnosis to improve survival outcomes. 

Further information

To follow

Outputs generated (Reports / Publications / Impact)

To follow