Publications 2105

All Wales Injury Surveillance System revised: development of a population based system to evaluate single and multi-level interventions.
Lyons R, Turner S, Lyons J, Walters AM, Snooks H, Greenacre J, Humphreys C, Jones S. Inj Prev 2016;22:i50-i55 doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041814

The use of randomisation-based efficacy estimators in non-inferiority trials.
Gillespie D, Hood K, Farewell D, Hawthorne A, Probert C, Stenson R, Barrett-Lee P, Casbard C, Murray N. Trials 2015, 16 (Suppl 2):P129.

A cross-sectional mixed methods study protocol to generate learning from patient safety incidents reported from general practice.
Carson-Stevens A, Hibbert P, Avery A, Butlin A, Carter B, Cooper A, Evans H, Gibson R, Luff D, Makeham M, McEnhill P, Panesar S, Parry G, Rees P, Peebles E, Sheikh A, Ward H, Williams H, Wood F, Donaldson L, Edwards A. BMJ Open. 12/2015; 5(12). 

Patient safety research in primary care: where are we now?
Cooper A and Chuter A. Br J Gen Pract 2015 Dec; 65 (641): 622-623.

How Safe is Primary Care? A Systematic Review
Panesar S, De Silva D, Carson-Stevens A, Cresswell K, Salvilla SA, Slight SP, Javad S, Netuveli G, Larizgoitia I, Donaldson LJ, Bates DW, Sheikh A. BMJ Qual Saf. doi:10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004178 

Using existing trial data to inform the development of core outcome sets and improve efficiencies in research.
Thomas, K. S., Bradshaw, L., Montgommery, A. A., Francis, N. A., Ridd, M. J., & Santer, M. (2015). Trials, 16(Suppl 2), O74.

For which cancers might patients benefit most from expedited symptomatic diagnosis? Construction of a ranking order by a modified Delphi technique
Hamilton W, Stapley S, Campbell C, Lyratzopolous G, Rubin G, Neal RD. BMC Cancer 2015, 15:820.

Recruitment to oral steroids for the resolution of otitis media with effusion in children (OSTRICH) study: challenges of a randomised controlled trial in secondary care sites across Wales and England.
Waldron, C.-A., Thomas-Jones, E., Harris, D., Shepherd, V., Cannings-John, R., Hood, K., et al. (2015). Trials, 16 (Suppl 2), P119.

Quality of Life impact of childhood skin conditions measured using the Children's Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI): a meta-analysis.
Olsen JR, Gallacher J, Finlay AY, Piguet V, & Francis NA. (2015). The British Journal of Dermatology. 

Supporting shared decision making using an Option Grid for osteoarthritis of the knee in an interface musculoskeletal clinic: a stepped wedge trial.
Elwyn G, Pickles T, Edwards A, Kinsey K, Brain K, Newcombe RG, Firth J, Marrin K, Nye A, Wood F. Patient Educ Couns. 2016 Apr;99(4):571-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2015.10.011. 

Analytic laboratory performance of a point of care urine culture kit for diagnosis and antibiotic susceptibility testing.
Bongard E, Frimodt-Møller N, Gal M, Wootton M, Howe R, Francis NA, Goossens H, Butler CC. (2015). European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases: Official Publication of the European Society of Clinical Microbiology, 34(10), 2111–2119.

School-based brief psychoeducational intervention to raise adolescent cancer awareness and address barriers to medical help-seeking about cancer: a cluster randomised controlled trial
Hubbard G, Macmillan I, Forbat L, Neal RD, O'carroll RE, Haw S, Rauchaus P, Kyle RG. Psycho Oncology. 2015 10.1002/pon.4001.

Children's Toothbrushing Frequency: The Influence of Parents' Rationale for Brushing, Habits and Family Routines.
Trubey RJ, Moore SC, Chestnutt IG. Caries Res 2015;49:157-164 (DOI:10.1159/000365152)

The association between parents' perceived social norms for toothbrushing and the frequency with which they report brushing their child's teeth.
Trubey RJ, Moore SC, Chestnutt IG. Community Dent Health. 2015 Jun;32(2):98-103.

Identifying priorities for improved child healthcare: a mixed methods analysis of safety incident reports.
Rees P, Edwards A, Powell C, Williams H, Hibbert P, Makeham M, Luff D, Parry G, Sheikh A, Donaldson L, Carson-Stevens A. BMJ Quality & Safety 11/2015; 24(11):730-731. DOI:10.1136/bmjqs-2015-IHIabstracts

Opportunities for incident reporting.
Williams H, Cooper A, Carson-Stevens A. BMJ Quality & Safety 11/2015; DOI:10.1136/bmjqs-2015-004962

A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study to Investigate the Utility of a Picture Imagination Task in Investigating Neural Responses in Patients with Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain to Daily Physical Activity Photographs.
Taylor AM, Harris AD, Varnava AV, Phillips R, Taylor JO, Hughes O, Wilkes AR, Hall JE, Wise R. PLOS One. Published: October 23, 2015. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141133

Parental views on childhood vaccination against viral gastroenteritis—a qualitative interview study. Lugg F, Butler C, Evans MR, Wood F, Francis NA. Family Practice, 2015, 1–6. doi:10.1093/fampra/cmv035

The expanding role of primary care in cancer control
Rubin G, Berendsen A, Crawford M, Dommett R, Earle C, Emery J, Fahey T, Grassi L, Grunfeld E, Gupta S, Hamilton W, Hiom S, Hunter D, Lyratzopoulos G, Macleod U, Mason R, Mitchell G, Neal RD, Peake M, Roland M, Seifert B, Sisler J, Sussman J, Taplin S, Vedsted P, Voruganti T, Walter F, Wardle J, Watson E, Weller D, Wender R, Whelan J, Whitlock J, Wilkinson C. Lancet Oncology Commission; 16(12):1231-72

Antibiotic prescribing and associated diarrhoea: a prospective cohort study of care home residents. Gillespie D, Hood K, Bayer A, Carter B, Duncan D, Espinasse A, Evans M, Nuttall J, Stanton H, Acharjya A, Allen S, Cohen D, Groves S, Francis N, Howe R, Johansen A, Mantzourani E, Thomas-Jones E, Toghill A, Wood F, Wigglesworth N, Wootton M, Butler CC. Age Ageing. 2015 Sep;44(5):853-60. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afv072.

The CHICO (Children's Cough) Trial protocol: a feasibility randomised controlled trial investigating the clinical and cost-effectiveness of a complex intervention to improve the management of children presenting to primary care with acute respiratory tract infection.
Turnbull SL, Redmond NM, Lucas P, Cabral C, Ingram J, Hollinghurst S, Hay AD, Peters TJ, Horwood J, Little P, Francis N, Blair PS. BMJ Open 2015;5:e008615 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008615

Antibiotic prescribing in UK general dental practice: a cross-sectional study.
Cope AL, Francis NA, Wood F, Chestnutt IG. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2015.

General practitioners’ attitudes towards the management of dental conditions and use of antibiotics in these consultations: a qualitative study.
Cope AL, Wood F, Francis NA, Chestnutt IG. BMJ Open 2015;5:e008551 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008551

Bath additives for the treatment of childhood eczema (BATHE): protocol for multicentre parallel group randomised trial.
Santer M, Rumsby K, Ridd M, Francis NA, Stuart B, Chorozoglou M, Wood W, Roberts A, Thomas KS, Williams HC, Little P. BMJ Open. 2015 Nov 1;5(10):e009575. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009575.

Intensifying and igniting change talk in Motivational Interviewing: A theoretical and practical framework.
Resnicow K, Gobat N, Naar-King S. European Health Psychologist 06/2015; 17(3):102-111.

Group motivational interviewing in schools: Development of a health promotion intervention.
Hawkins JL, Bravo P, Rollnick S, Jerzembek G, Whitehead S, Chanon S, Kelson M, Adams O, Murphy S. Health Education Journal. Oct 2015, doi: 10.1177/0017896915606938

Choosing a Specialist: Will Patient Vote with their Feet (and Wallets) for Person-Centred Care?  Joseph-Williams N, Davies F, Wood F, Edwards A. Medical Decision Making, 2015 Apr 24. pii: 0272989X15583267

Perceptions of paramedic and emergency care workers of those who self harm: a systematic review of the quantitative literature.
Rees N, Rapport F, Thomas G, John A, Snooks H. J Psychosom Res. 2014 Dec;77(6):449-56. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.09.006.

Adherence-adjusted estimates of benefits and harms from treatment with amoxicillin for LRTI: secondary analysis of a 12-country randomised placebo-controlled trial using randomisation-based efficacy estimators.
Gillespie D, Hood K, Farewell D, Butler CC, Verheij T, Goossens H, Stuart B, Mullee M, Little P; GRACE consortium. BMJ Open. 2015 Mar 6;5(3):e006160. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006160.

Making randomised trials more efficient: report of the first meeting to discuss the Trial Forge platform. Treweek S, Altman DG, Bower P, Campbell M, Chalmers I, Cotton S, Craig P, Crosby D, Davidson P, Devane D, Duley L, Dunn J, Elbourne D, Farrell B, Gamble C, Gillies K, Hood K, Lang T, Littleford R, Loudon K, McDonald A, McPherson G, Nelson A, Norrie J, Ramsay C, Sandercock P, Shanahan DR, Summerskill W, Sydes M, Williamson P, Clarke M. Trials. 2015 Jun 5;16:261. doi: 10.1186/s13063-015-0776-0.

Measuring clinical skills in agenda-mapping (EAGL-I).
Gobat N, Kinnersley P, Gregory JW, Pickles T, Hood K, Robling M. Patient Educ Couns. 2015 Jul 2. pii: S0738-3991(15)30005-7. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2015.06.018.

Clinicians' views and experiences of interventions to enhance the quality of antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections.
Anthierens S, Tonkin-Crine S, Cals JW, Coenen S, Yardley L, Brookes-Howell L, Fernandez-Vandellos P, Krawczyk J, Godycki-Cwirko M, Llor C, Butler CC, Verheij T, Goossens H, Little P, Francis NA, GRACE/CHAMP INTRO team. J Gen Intern Med, Volume 30, 4 April 2015 pp.408-416

'It's made all of us bond since that course…' - a qualitative study of service users' experiences of a CBT anger management group intervention.
MacMahon P, Stenfert Kroese B, Jahoda A, Stimpson A, Rose N, Rose J, Townson J, Hood K, Willner P.  J Intellect Disabil Res, Volume 59, 4 April 2015 pp.342-352

Childhood urinary tract infection in primary care: a prospective observational study of prevalence, diagnosis, treatment, and recovery.
Butler CC, O'Brien K, Pickles T, Hood K, Wootton M, Howe R, Waldron CA, Thomas-Jones E, Hollingworth W, Little P, Van Der Voort J, Dudley J, Rumsby K, Downing H, Harman K, Hay AD, DUTY study team. Br J Gen Pract, Volume 65, 633 April 2015 pp.e217-e223

What is agenda setting in the clinical encounter? Consensus from literature review and expert consultation.
Gobat N, Kinnersley P, Gregory JW, Robling M. Patient Educ Couns April 2015

Childhood fever: a qualitative study on GPs' experiences during out-of-hours care.
de Bont EG, Peetoom KK, Moser A, Francis NA, Dinant GJ, Cals JW. Fam Pract April 2015 

Reducing the burden of iatrogenic harm in children. 
Carson-Stevens A, Edwards A, Panesar S, Parry G, Rees P, Sheikh A, Donaldson L. Lancet, Volume 385, 9978 April 2015 pp.1593-1594

Socioeconomic inequalities in attitudes towards cancer: an international cancer benchmarking partnership study.
Quaife SL, Winstanley K, Robb KA, Simon AE, Ramirez AJ, Forbes LJ, Brain KE, Gavin A, Wardle J. Eur J Cancer Prev, Volume 24, 3 May 2015 pp.253-260

Pediatric immunization-related safety incidents in primary care: A mixed methods analysis of a national database.
Rees P, Edwards A, Powell C, Prosser Evans H, Carter B, Hibbert P, Makeham M, Sheikh A, Donaldson L, Carson Stevens A. Vaccine, Volume 33, 32 July 2015 pp.3873-3880

Influences of cancer symptom knowledge, beliefs and barriers on cancer symptom presentation in relation to socioeconomic deprivation: a systematic review.
McCutchan G, Wood F, Edwards A, Richards R, Brain K. BMC Cancer (2015) 15:1000. DOI 10.1186/s12885-015-1972-8

Understanding older women’s decision making and coping in the context of breast cancer treatment. Lifford KJ, Witt J, Burton M, Collins K, Caldon L, Edwards A, Reed M, Wyld L, Brain K. BMC Informatics and Medical Decision Making 2015; 15:45DOI 10.1186/s12911-015-0167-1.

Explaining variation in cancer survival between eleven jurisdictions in the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership: a primary care survey.
Rose PW, Rubin G, Perrera-Salazar R, Almberg SS, Barisic A, Dawes M, Grunfeld E, Hart N, Neal RD, Pirotta M, Sisler J, Toftegaard BS, Thulesius H, Vedsted P, Young J, Hamilton W. BMJ Open 2015;5:e007212. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007212

Age and Gender Variations in Cancer Diagnostic Intervals in 15 Cancers: Analysis of Data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
Din NU, Ukoumunne OC, Rubin G, Hamilton W, Carter B, Stapley S, Neal RD. PLoS ONE 2015 10(5): e0127717. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0127717

“You are just left to get on with it”: qualitative study of patient and carer experiences of the transition to secondary progressive multiple sclerosis.
Davies F, Edwards A, Brain K, Edwards M, Jones R, Wallbank R, Robertson N, Wood F. BMJ Open 2015;5:e007674. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-007674.

Barriers to uptake among high-risk individuals declining participation in lung cancer screening: A mixed-methods analysis of the United Kingdom Lung Cancer Screening (UKLS) trial.
Ali N, Lifford K, Carter B, McRonald F, Yadegarfar G, Baldwin DR, Weller D, Hansell DM, Duffy SW, Field JK, Brain K. BMJ Open 2015;5:e008254. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008254

Quantifying the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma from symptoms reported by primary care patients: A large case-control study using electronic records.
Shephard E, Neal RD, Wood F, Rose P, Hamilton W. 2015; DOI: 10.3399/bjgp15X683545

The complexity and difficulty of diagnosing lung cancer: findings from a national primary care study in Wales.
Neal RD, Robbé IJ, Lewis M, Williamson I, Hanson J. Primary Health Care Research & Development. Prim Health Care Res Dev2014 Dec 8:1-14. DOI:10.1017/S1463423614000516

Quantifying the risk of Hodgkin lymphoma in symptomatic primary care patients: a case-control study using electronic records.
Shephard E, Neal RD, Rose P, Walter F, Hamilton W. British Journal of General Practice 2015;e289-293.

Involving older people in a multi centre randomised trial of a complex intervention in prehospital emergency care: implementation of a collaborative model.
Koniotou M, Evans BA, Chatters R, Fothergill R, Garnsworthy C, Gaze S, Halter M, Mason S, Peconi J, Porter A, Siriwardena AN, Toghill A, Snooks H. Published in Trials 16:298 doi: 10.1186/s13063-015-0821

Fracture in the Elderly Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation (FEMuR): study protocol for a phase II randomised feasibility study of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation package following hip fracture.
Williams N, Hawkes C, Ud Din N, Roberts JL, Charles JM, MorrisonVL, Hoare Z, Edwards RT, Andrew G, Alexander S, Lemmey AB, Woods B, Sackley C, Logan P, Hunnisett D, Mawdesley K, Wilkinson C. Pilot and Feasibility Studies 2015, 1:13 doi:10.1186/s40814-015-0008-0

Community based interventions to prevent fatal overdose from illegal drugs: a systematic review protocol.
Okolie C, Evans BA, John A, Moore C, Russell D, Snooks H. BMJ Open 2015;5:e008981

Time to resolution and effect on quality of life of molluscum contagiosum in children in the UK: a prospective community cohort study.
Olsen JR, Gallacher J, Finlay AY, Piguet V, & Francis NA. (2015a). The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 15(2), 190–195.

Harms from Discharge to Primary Care - Mixed Methods Analysis of Patient Safety Incident Reports.
Williams H, Edwards A, Hibbert P, Rees P, Panesar S, Carter B, Makeham M, Jones A, Avery A, Sheikh A, Donaldson L, Carson-Stevens A. British Journal of General Practice 11/2015; 65 (641):e829-837.

Vulnerable children and their care quality issues: a descriptive analysis of a national database.
Omar A, Rees P, Prosser Evans H, Williams H, Cooper A, Banerjee S, Hibbert P, Makeham M, Parry G, Donaldson L, Edwards A and Carson-Stevens A. BMJ Quality & Safety 11/2015; 24(11):732-733. DOI: 10.1136/bmjqs-2015-IHIabstracts